Poor Funding Stalling MSMEs’ Growth

The Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) has linked the challenges of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMES) to their poor funding.

It said inadequate funding of MSMEs remained a major challenge, adding that as at June 30, deposits mobilised by the 936 microfinance banks stood at N173.3 billion.

Its Managing Director, Alhaji Umaru Ibrahim, who spoke at a  one-day sensitisation workshop for operators of microfinance banks (MfBs), said all hopes were, however, not lost. He said effective risk management would help MfBs to respond to risks and also promote profitability and objective decision making.

He said the workshop with Deepening the practice of microfinance banking through effective enterprise risk management as theme, created q platform for the corporation to share experiences on latest developments in the sub-sector. Experience sharing, he said, would ensure the survival of such institutions.

Ibrahim said for MfBs to access the N220 billion MSMEs fund launched by the Federal Government last year, they must demonstrate strong enterprise risk management capable of enhancing the eligibility criteria.

“NDIC, as an insurer, reimburses deposit of microfinance banks up to a maximum limit of N200, 000 per depositor in the event of failure of such microfinance bank. The new average coverage level represents an increase of 100 per cent over the earlier coverage level of N100, 000,” he said.

The NDIC chief said microfinance banks have to be interested in enhanced risk management frameworks and take necessary steps to improve their compliance levels with sound risk management.

“For instance, an increase in the interest rate could make micro-loan repayment difficult. Furthermore, new loans could become less attractive for small borrowers due to affordability pressures. Therefore, micro-finance banks should be able to assess borrowers’ capacity and willing-ness to continue with loan repayments in the case of an interest rate rise. Lack of thorough and effective assessment of market risk could have devastating impact on banks,” he said.

Represented by Director, Special Insured Institutions Department at the NDIC, Joshua J. Etopidiok, Ibrahim  also said the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) had in September, 2013 issued the “Revised Regulatory and Supervisory Guidelines for Microfinance Banks in Nigeria” aimed at not just introducing a risk-based approach to the supervision of microfinance banks, but also in response to the changing financial landscape.

He said the enterprise risk management framework was “developed to provide a proactive process to assess the safety and soundness of all microfinance banks operating in the country. He warned that microfinance banks must reduce risks on their own terms through effective management oversight and performance evaluation.”

Ibrahim said the term enterprise risk management, in the context of a microfinance bank, was “the process of controlling the likelihood and potential severity of an adverse effect”, adding that, NDIC would deploy Differential Premium Assessment System (DPAS) in determining Deposit Insurance Premium for micro-finance banks.

He assured that NDIC would continue to train only microfinance banks, which are up to date in their premium payment to the corporation, adding that, the corporation’s ability to sustain its efforts in ensuring that all insured institutions remained on the path of sustainable growth and development, depended heavily on the premium contributions by insured institutions to fund the Special Insured Institution Fund (SIIF).



Source: The Nation Nigeria

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